The Unique King of Zion: Reflections on Psalm 45:6-7

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“Your throne, O God, is forever and ever.
    The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
   you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.
Therefore God, your God, has anointed you
    with the oil of gladness beyond your companions…” Psalm 45:6-7

Here we encounter a psalm directly speaking about the Lord Jesus Christ. The book of Hebrews removes all doubt that this about Christ. He cites this text to show the surpassing excellency of Christ than the angels (Hebrews 1:7-8). This psalm focuses us on the office of Christ’s Kingship. There are four unique characteristics of this sovereign rule:

  1. The uniqueness of the King
  2. The uniqueness of the reign
  3. the uniqueness of the rule
  4. the uniqueness of the blessing.

The King

“Your throne, O God…”

The King of Zion is unlike any other King. He is not a mere mortal man but is indeed the Everlasting God. He is the Creator, the Sustainer, and the Provider. Jesus very clearly claims to be God all throughout the book of John. He identifies as the I Am (John 8:24, 58), the good Shepard (John 10:11 cross-reference that with Psalm 23), and that He has life in Himself (John 5:26).

Many of the ancient kings ascribed deity to themselves. The Pharaohs of Egypt and the Ceasers of Rome tried to make these false claims but they have long been dead. Christ is the King eternal who has risen from the dead. Before the Pharoh’s were ever crowned Christ was, is, and always will be the Eternal Word. The God who has always been.

The Reign

“…is forever and ever.”

There have lived many strong Kings. Kings who have conquered nations and have built empires that have reigned for generations. Nebuchadnezzar the ruler of Babylon, Alexander the Great King of Greece, Genghis Khan the Warlord of the Mongols, Attila the Hun, Charlemagne, and so many more. This article could not contain all the great achievements of these men. However, one thing all these men have in common is their reign was cut short by death.

The King of Zion is unique in that He defeated death and His reign is forever. Alexander the Great, for all his victories in battle, has not defeated the grave. Christ reigns victorious over all. The grave reigned undefeated until the Mighty Lord of Glory put the grave to open shame in triumph by rising from the dead. When the kings of the earth pass away The King of kings is still reigning.

Daniel 7:14 makes it clear:

And to him was given dominion
    and glory and a kingdom,
that all peoples, nations, and languages
    should serve him;
his dominion is an everlasting dominion,
    which shall not pass away,
and his kingdom one
    that shall not be destroyed.

The Rule

    “The scepter of your kingdom is a scepter of uprightness;
   you have loved righteousness and hated wickedness.”

The King of Zion is the forever reigning God-man. The third unique attribute is the rule in which He reigns. Christ is the only perfect righteous ruler. He rules the earth with righteousness. The psalmist points us the scepter of Christ. Scepters were the symbol of the King’s power. The King had the power to destroy and give life. The scepter symbolized that power. Christ has a scepter of righteousness because is the only King to reign with no scandal. He perfectly fulfills the law of God.

Compare the King of Zion to all the rulers of the earth, do they even compare? The modern rulers Trump, Putin, and Obama are all imperfect sinners. Even the honorable rulers like Theodore Roosevelt and Winston Churchill could not be compared to the glory of Christ in His righteous rule. Even the righteous Kings in Scripture like David, Hezekiah, Josiah and all the others have recorded failures. Christ alone reigns with no blemish.

The King of Zion is a righteous King. For this reason, we can be comforted in times of trouble and distress. We know that no matter what happens our King will do what is just. We can trust Him.

The Blessing

“Therefore God, your God, has anointed you
    with the oil of gladness beyond your companions…”

The oil of gladness here can be identified as a shadow of the Holy Spirit. Because Christ perfectly fulfills God’s law The Father has given the Son the full anointing of the Holy Spirit. John 3:34 tells us that Christ had the Spirit without measure.

Christ gives us the Holy Spirit as comforter the moment we are joined to Him by faith. When we place our faith in Christ we are covered in the righteousness of Christ and receive the anointing of the Holy Spirit. Ephesians 1:13-14 makes this clear:

“In him you also, when you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, and believed in him, were sealed with the promised Holy Spirit, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until we acquire possession of it, to the praise of his glory.”

The King of Zion who is eternal God forever reigning in righteousness will lead His people to eternal life. He seals us with The Holy Spirit and therefore we can never be lost. The elect will persevere in the faith not because we are able to keep ourselves but because the wonderful, generous, righteous King has promised to deliver us and makes this promise sure by the giving of the Spirit.

Behold the glory of Zion’s King. Is not the King more excellent than all the rulers who have ever lived? Is He not more to be desired than all the treasures of the earth? He is the good Shepard, the Captain of our souls. The Adonai of all.

If are not saved, if you have not yet surrendered your life to the King of glory then I plead with you to repent and trust in this King alone. Trust in His righteousness. That he lived perfect, died in the place of sinners and rose from the grave.

Bow to the Lord of glory and know the grace of Christ.

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